The New Testament’s Origins and Importance

The New Testament is the second half of the Christian Bible, with the first half being known as the Old Testament. In the New Testament, the teachings and story of Jesus are told, as well as other stories from first-century Christianity.

In the Protestant Bible. There are 26 books within the New Testament, which form an anthology of Christian works that were written during the first century (AD). The books of the New Testament include:

  • Matthew
  • Mark
  • Luke
  • John
  • Acts
  • Romans
  • Corinthians
  • Galatians
  • Ephesians
  • Philippians
  • Colossians
  • 1 Thessalonians
  • 2 Thessalonians
  • 1 Timothy
  • 2 Timothy
  • Titus
  • Philemon
  • Hebrews
  • James
  • 1 Peter
  • 2 Peter
  • 1 John
  • 2 John
  • 3 John
  • Jude
  • Revelation

The New Testament Bible is so important and influential as it chronicles the life of Jesus. Not only was the Christ the Messiah, Jesus the Son of God. In 1 Corinthians, the book explains that more than 500 people witness Jesus become alive after he was killed. These 500 people called themselves Christians after witnessing this, and began spreading the Gospel across the continent.

This section of the Bible also accounts the prosecution of these Christians for their beliefs, as they refused to worship the Gods of the Romans.

Not only does the New Testament explain the life of Christ the Messiah, but the story of Jesus has resulted in millions of followers around the world, and the establishment of Christian nations that have become some of the most powerful, wealthy and civilized places on earth. The New Testament has also played a part in artwork and cultural developments for hundreds of years.

In terms of modern morality, it is often thought that Jesus mentioned homosexuality in the New Testament, though this is not the case. Jesus did discuss forms of sexual immorality, however. In Mark 7:20-23, it reads:

“What comes out of you is what defiles you. For from within, out of your hearts, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. All these evils come from inside and defile you.”

When Was the New Testament Written?

Beginning of New TestamentMost scholar agree that Paul’s letters were written between the years A.D. 50 and 55. The first three Gospels of the New Testament between the years A.D. 50 and 70, and the writings of John between the years A.D. 80 and 90. It is worth remembering, also, that A.D. (Anno Domini) in fact means ‘the year of our Lord’, and not ‘After Death’. The means that year 0 does not mark the death of Jesus Christ. Jesus actually died between the years A.D. 30 and 33.

The First New Testament Books

The first book in the New Testament is Matthew. This does not mean it is necessarily the first book written, but it is used as the first in most of the earliest examples of the New Testament. This book asks the following five questions:

  1. How should one live in Christ’s kingdom?
  2. How should traveling disciples behave?
  3. What parables did Jesus teach?
  4. How should disciples conduct themselves in a church?
  5. How will everything come to an end?

In between these questions, there are many pieces of narrative that discuss Christ’s actions during his life, as well as stories surrounding his death and his eventual resurrection. The book is distinctive for its combination of discourse and narrative.